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Violins

An Online Reference Tone Generator Tool

(The Complete Guide to Violin Tuning - Continued from page 3 - Important!)

The following online violin tuner will enable you to hear 4 open strings of the violin: G ( lowest sounding and thickest string), D, A and E (highest sounding and thinnest string). There is also a piano keyboard below that you can simulate violin tuning with - the piano being the most popular instrument to sound reference tones for the violin.

An open string is a string that is played without any fingers touching the strings. A. Reference note is a single note that is sounded either by another tuned instrument or a tuning device. It is the note that you hear and want to tune a string to.

The first string that is tuned is typically the A string. In fact, if you've ever heard an orchestra, all the instruments tune to the A note coming from an oboe before a performance. I have also labelled the pegs for beginners to learn identifying which string belongs to which peg. Click on the yellow circles below to hear the name of the reference note. Further below, you'll also see where on the musical staff and piano keyboard each of these open strings are.

 

(A Small Bit of Music Theory Trivia)
What do the note names G, D, A and E really mean?
AND
Other Tidbits

Communicating music with music sheets and note names on paper is essentially the written form of music language, in much the same way that letters, numbers and words are written forms of our spoken language. Western music essentially uses 7 note names: A, B, C, D, E, F and G to communicate music.

The best way to understand note names and how they work is by looking at a piano keyboard as shown below. There are 88 keys in a full piano keyboard, but I've shown only 67 keys (including black keys). Keys further to the right are higher in pitch than to the left. Notice that once you get to note G when going up, you start using note name A again. When you reach note A going down, you start using note name G again.

The G string on the violin corresponds to the 21st white piano key from left of a full 88 key piano keyboard. If we label G the first key and go to the 5th white key to the right, you'll come to the D key. The 5th white key to the right of the D will brings you to A, and finally the 5th white key will bring you to E. That's what it means when violinists say they have to "tune in 5ths (fifths)".

Another important concept is the term "Octave". Essentially, everytime we play a round of A,B,C,D,E,F and G, one octave is covered. The next note up would have been an A which would sound higher in pitch than the first A that was played. We say that A is one octave higher than the previous A. We could have just as easily started on D and end on D one octave higher.

Finally, there are five black keys belonging to each octave. For example, to play the black key to the right of C would sound the C# or C-sharp note. This same black key is also to the left of D and would be called Db or D-flat. So C-sharp and D-flat are the same black key and sound. If we played all the white and black keys in one octave, we would have played a 12-key chromatic scale.

Now try clicking the yellow circles on the violin above and on the piano below with the same notes names.. Do you hear that they should both have the same pitch? For example, can you hear that note A on the violin should be the same as note A on the piano? Also try playing them both together by clicking first the violin note quickly followed by the the piano note.

 

 


What Next?

The next step after getting your violin sounds close enough to the reference notes is to fine tune it, bringing them to a match. Click below for proper instructions on how to install and use them.


COMPLETE VIOLIN TUNING GUIDE
This is page 4

Previous
<====== Page 3: Tune a VIolin - Problems with Violin Pegs IMPORTANT


Page 1: Introduction to Violin Tuning
A snapshot view on tuning violins, the process, it's problems and solutions...Read more

Page 2: Tuning a Violin - Avoiding the Bridge Snap - IMPORTANT
The most important thing to check before you tune a violin. Prevent damage to your violin and optimize the sound...Read more

Page 6: Fine Tuning Violins with Digital Tuners
Although there are many digital tuners on the market, there is one quite amazing digital tuner in particular, that will help you with your intonation while playing...Read more



OTHER HELPFUL VIOLIN TUNING INFORMATION

Other Ways to Generate Reference Tones
Conventional and new ways that reference tones can be generated... Read more

Fine Tuning a Violin Without Fine Tuners
These fine tuning techniques are used by advanced violinists which you can use if you do not have any problems discerning pitch differences...Read more

How to Tune a Violin Using Only Pegs
Photos illustrating how advanced violinists may use only their left hand and fingers to tune violins...Read more

Installing and Using Fine Tuning Pegs Coming Soon
No more wrestling back and forth with your pegs! These neat set of pegs will help you fine tune your violin EASILY!.

A Review of Pusch Tailpieces with built-in Fine Tuners Coming Soon
Have a good look at the built-in fine tuners that come with these tailpieces. The two advantages of these tailpieces

Installing and Using the Light-Weight Carbon Fiber Tuners by Bogaro and Clemente Coming Soon
Don't want to add weight to the tailpiece or change the string length, and don't want to spend so much for fine tuning pegs, then these specially made carbon fiber tailpiece fine tuners

 


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